Report on Improving the Care System in Uzbekistan
This Report explores the crucial role of care system policies in sustainable equitable economic growth, poverty reduction, and improved quality of life, aligning with UN Sustainable Development Goals. Examining the impact of COVID-19 on care responsibilities, particularly for women, the study focuses on Uzbekistan's care economy, emphasizing the least studied yet high-demand areas of caring for children under 3 and the elderly over 70.

GERC Director Nugmanova M.S. Discusses Care Economy in UNDP Uzbekistan Interview
In an Interview with UNDP Uzbekistan, GERC Director Nugmanova M.S. Discusses the Current State and Prospects of the Country's Care Economy.

IAFFE Regional Event on Care Work in Central Asia
We were joined by Dr. Maigul Nugmanova, from the Gender Economics Research Center at Narxoz University in Almaty, KZ. She discussed the urgent and underestimated problem of elder and child care in Kazakhstan and Central Asia and its implications for gender equality, based on her recent fieldwork and policy discussions in Kazakhstan.

This event was held in Russian.
Gender Regime and Women’s Employment in Kazakhstan
Researchers have analyzed care policies in the wider Europe in order to understand how these may impact labor force decisions of women. We extend this analysis to Central Asia, focusing on the emerging gender regime in Kazakhstan, which has become a leader in announcing policies to facilitate combining family responsibili-ties with employment.
Done by the Gender Economics Research Center team with the support of the Eurasia Foundation in the framework of the Social Innovations in Central Asia project (funded by USAID)
Dana Sailaukhanova, 2022 Gender economics research center, research fellow
Who Takes Care of Children in Kazakhstan and How Much Does it Cost?
Household expenditures show us a good picture of their living conditions. We want to see what households spend their total wages on since it is the main source of income for most people. We can assume that child care can be more challenging for single parents who are mostly women (97 percent) or for families where primary caregivers are grandparents.
Maigul Nugmanova

An interview with the Head of the Gender Economics Research Center (GERC) Maigul Nugmanova was published by Cabar Asia on the topic "Kazakhstan: invisible barriers"

Alisher Tleubayev, 2021-2022 GERC Research Fellow
Short and Medium-term Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Work Outcomes of Men and Women: Empirical Evidence from Central Asia
This study provides empirical evidence on the relationship between COVID-19 pandemic and work
outcomes of men and women in the case of Central Asia, region with under-established formal institutions, relatively poor social infrastructure, and mostly patriarchal society. These features of Central Asian countries make them different from other developed countries that vast majority of existing literature on COVID-19 pandemic and work outcomes nexus focus on.
1)Mieke Meurs, Maygul Nugmanova, Aizhan Salimzhanova

Gender regime in Kazakhstan: women's employment in the labor market and child care

Researchers together with an international expert of the center published an article on women's

employment in the labor market and child care

Alisher Tleubayev, 2020-2021 GERC Research Fellow
Gender (in)equality in Kazakhstan before Covid-19 Pandemic
Most of the unpaid work, the amount of which increased during the lockdown period, fell on the shoulders of women. Before trying to analyze to what extent the Covid-19 related measures had widened the gender inequality in Kazakhstan, it is useful to recall the situation with gender inequality even before the pandemic.
Maigul Nugmanova

An interview with the Head of the Center for Gender Economics Research (GERC) Maigul Nugmanova was published by the international news agency "kazinform" on the topic "The problem of unpaid work in the household" The text of the interview can be found by clicking on the link

Maigul Nugmanova
The Head of the Gender Economics Research Center (GERC) Maigul Nugmanova, gave an interview to the Press Service of the Agency for Regulation and Development of the Financial Market of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the gender-differentiated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Scholarship Holder 2018-2019 Kenzhegulova Gauhar

"Gender Statistics: Gender Imbalance in Higher Education"

(Gender statistics: gender imbalance in higher education). The article examines the issue of underrepresentation of women in the higher management of higher education (HE) in Kazakhstan. Research question of the article: "Why are there fewer women in leadership positions in higher educational institutions of Kazakhstan than men?" The current trend of great interest in gender asymmetry in education is supported by the great interest of researchers in the barriers of the so-called "glass ceiling" for women in terms of achieving higher leadership positions. Some researchers suggest that it is almost impossible for women to overcome hidden obstacles in the education system (Ostapenko A.B., 2014). This work explores other factors that require more careful consideration.

Scholarship Holder 2020-2021 Tabayeva Almira

"Problems of Kazakhstani mothers-scientists and possible changes in government policy"

The study is devoted to the study of gender differences in the system of higher and postgraduate education, where researchers who are also mothers, the so-called "mother scientists" (mother scholars), remain at a disadvantage. They are forced to publish less than their colleagues and combine several roles,

especially in uncertain times of the COVID-19 pandemic. In recent years, Kazakhstan has seen a sharp increase in the number of doctoral students who have not completed their studies. In particular, this fate is more common for mothers of scientists due to insufficient support from the government.

Despite the fact that the share of women in scientific research is increasing, gender inequality remains at the same level, and women are still inferior to men in the number of publications and citations. Gender imbalance, by the way, took place in the families of scientists long before quarantine. Now, in the light of the pandemic, the urgency of the problem has increased significantly: women have stepped out of their role as scientists and entered the role of mothers.

Fellow 2019-2020 Aigerim Kusayynkyzy


The purpose of the study is to study the factors that predict students' interest in studying the fields of

science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), depending on their socio-economic situation.

The results of the analysis of responses to a survey of 109 female students of technical specialties show that the experience of studying in STEM is positively associated with students' interest in studying STEM fields. Expected results and self-efficacy beliefs positively correlate with students entering STEM fields, but do not distinguish between their interests in fields of study.

Methodology – from a practical point of view, the most popular survey options were used: questionnaires and interviews.

Originality / value of the study – to study this potential effect, the theory of self-determination was used to determine how the learning context affects the social and motivational outcomes of the STEM program for young people with an insufficient level of provision of services.

The results of the study are to strengthen the instrumental role of positive perception of teachers by

teachers in encouraging more desirable self-motivation to participate in the STEM program. In addition, STEM programs should take into account and integrate new approaches that mitigate the negative impact of established structures and processes on students' motivation for these programs and, possibly, interest in STEM careers.

Scholarship Holder 2019-2020 Akbope Myarkasymova

«Gender differences in life expectancy in Kazakhstan in 2018»

Public health policy efforts to reduce excess mortalities from cardiovascular disease, external causes, and diseases of respiratory system among males, and neoplasms and diseases of digestive system among females might narrow the gender gap in life expectancy in Kazakhstan and its regions. In addition, there is high demand for focus on social and economic determinants of the gender gap in mortality, followed by the formation of better policies in narrowing the gender gap in the use of preventive medical care, behavior towards their own health and access to health care and treatment.

Zaira Satpayeva Scholarship Holder 2018-2019

"Women's entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan: the state and prospects"

The study is devoted to the study of the state of women's entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan and the

development of recommendations for its development.

Relevance of the research topic. Researchers emphasize the increasing role of women's economic

potential and their contribution to the socio-economic development of the country [1; 2, p. 21]. The

expansion of women's economic opportunities is an important factor in achieving gender equality,

combating poverty among women and solving the problem of female unemployment [3, p. 98; 4, p. 104;

5]. Women's economic empowerment does not eliminate gender inequality, but it is important. In order to increase the effectiveness of women's entrepreneurship in the republic and determine the priority directions of its development, it is necessary to study in-depth all aspects of women's business. An objective study of the processes of formation and functioning of enterprises headed by women will make it possible to correctly substantiate the key areas of entrepreneurial activity in the country.

Anel Kireyeva Scholarship Holder 2018-2019

"Gender Pay Gap"

The relevance of this scientific research is due to the fact that today a woman is actively developing and going beyond the family environment. The current position of Kazakh women in the labor market is characterized by the fact that women's labor is in great demand, but its payment remains at a low level.

Therefore, for Kazakhstan, the gender pay gap has been and remains the main "women's gender


Women's work has its own specific features, the main of which are grounded in the predominance of

ideas about "women's professions" and in the "double responsibility" of women. In this regard, there is a need to reproduce gender stereotypes that determine and fundamentally change the attitude to the female workforce not only at the macro, but also at the meso and micro levels. At the same time, an important problem remains that it is necessary to find adequate methods and ways to influence the motivation of company managers and employees.

The purpose of this research is to analyze the existing concepts of gender stereotypes and gender

differences in wages, identify the determinants of gender wage gaps, as well as to assess the level of

discrimination against women in Kazakhstan and compare the findings with estimates obtained in other works.

Anuar Assamidanov Scholarship Holder 2018-2019

"Grandparent Childcare and Mother's Labor Force Participation - Evidence from Russia"

The document sets out the prerequisites for why it is so important to study the participation of mothers in the workforce from the point of informal and formal child care. The dependence of working mothers on grandparents, referred to in this document as informal child care, and paid child care services, which in this document are called formal, play a huge role in the well-being of their families. Thus, it is important to determine the position of child care in society and its impact not only on children, but also on their parents. The document examines various characteristics of a family depending on the education of the parents, the age of the child, the employment status and the type of settlement. Taking into account these parameters, the work determined the impact of formal and informal childcare on the labor supply of mothers of young children.